Security guards, also called security officers, patrol and inspect property to protect against fire, theft, vandalism, terrorism, and illegal activity. These workers protect their employer’s investment, enforce laws on the property, and deter criminal activity and other problems. They use radio and telephone communications to call for assistance from police, fire, or emergency medical services as the situation dictates.
Although all security guards and security officers perform many of the same duties, their specific tasks depend on whether they work in a “static” security position or on a mobile patrol. Security Guards or security officers assigned to static security positions usually stay at one location for a specified length of time. These guards must become closely acquainted with the property and people associated with their station and must often monitor alarms and closed-circuit TV cameras. In contrast, security guards or security officers assigned to mobile patrol drive or walk from one location to another and conduct security checks within an assigned geographical zone. They may detain or arrest criminal violators, answer service calls concerning criminal activity or problems, and issue traffic violation warnings.
As a result of the varied typed of duties that Security Guards and Security Officers may perform, Security Guards and Security Officers must be outfitted with a broad array of police equipment and gear just as other law enforcement personnel. This gear ranges from badges, batons, flashlights, duty gloves, handcuffs, pepper spray to inspection mirrors and hand held scanners.